Development of toilets is directly proportional to development of civilization. The roots of ancient toilets go way back to the start of Mohanjo-Daro, an Indus valley civilization, when man first realized its potential as a social animal , and started establishing societies. That was the time when civilization flourished and brotherhood existed. The initial format of ancient toilets were like the western design, where the bottom part was made of brick and upper part finished via wooden seats. People in western India, the Harrapan people used water-cleaning toilets where water was linked and waste was carried out through water.
Some of the toilets were developed outside the houses but the concept of building the toilet in home was later adopted. Despite having the western toilet , a new form of toilets called squat toilets became popular in middle Asia and Africa. These toilets were completely different than the western design and it had a hole was less comfortable then its predecessor. Similarly chamber pots were introduced in Rome and Greece in various European cities. As the time went on China became the major constituent of chamber pots.
In the 16th century the population became so huge that cesspits and cesspools were dug near houses. A pipe was connected with the cesspool so that the water used would carry the waste away with itself. Tradesman used to separate the liquid waste and the solid waste and used it to keep solid waste for manure and fertilizer purposes. This technique was appreciated because of the usage of waste for agricultural purposes as the use of fertilizers were utilized as a tool of farming.
Cesspool and Cesspit systems continued until the 19th century. As the 20th century approached, the experts began to think of a proper drainage system. This brought about the system we see today. Large underground pipes were constructed, and underground pipeline networks came into existence. Flush toilets became popular, especially in Europe and America.
Drainpipes were connected and an instant flushing system was provided where water carried the waste immediately to the sewers through pipelines. Since the water usage in earlier concepts were high, experts came up with a low flushing system requiring low water. Another modern introduction called Dual Flush toilets allowed users to flush between usages. Later The U.S. Government started setting standards leading to many improvements and advancements.
If you're ever having toilet troubles in your Oklahoma City home call Hull Plumbing at (405) 246-9763!